Career Choice: Urologists

Career Choice: Urologists
  • Type: Career Type
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    Urologists are physicians tasked with diagnosing, treating and helping to prevent benign and malignant medical and surgical disorders.


These professionals examine the genitourinary system and renal glands.


Urologists are physician specialists, professionals that diagnose or treat a variety of diseases or disorders including incontinence, bladder cancer, erectile dysfunction, prostrate cancer and premature ejaculation. Urologists document and review patient histories, order and interpret diagnostic tests, perform related surgeries and use equipment to examine patients.

Also known as an attending urologist, MD urologist, or urologic surgeons, these professionals may prescribe or administer antibiotics, treat urinary tract dysfunctions, provide consultation for other physicians, treat disorders and oversee other medical professionals. Urologists must possess certain abilities and skills including inductive and deductive reasoning, speech clarity, critical thing, complex problem solving, and decision making.


Urologists complete undergraduate work in life sciences and medicine and follow a medical school track. Once accepted in medical school, they will be required to complete four years of graduate school before beginning an internship program that can last multiple years and include one or two years of intensive rotation. Those that successfully complete their work will be awarded with a doctoral or professional degree. They will also be required to sit for their state’s written or practical exam. A standardized national licensing examination must also be passed.

The University of Pittsburgh sponsors a mock oral exam course for urologists taking their oral boards. The university has assembled a large cache of sample exam questions down through the years and provide a live one on one exam with a trained examiner. Once the testing has been completed, students are provide a score much that is calculated in the same way that the American Board of Urology calculates its score.


Physicians including urologists are among the highest paid professionals in the United States. Average salaries typically exceed $300,000 with specialists earning far more than that. The average pay for urologists exceeds the $187,200 salary maximum tracked by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) in most states. There are exceptions, however. Salaries for urologists in Oklahoma are among the lowest in the nation, averaging $120,800 per year. Nebraska comes in at $121,400, followed by Massachusetts at $144,800. Maryland at $158,900 and New York at $159,300 follow.

The BLS tracks salaries for physicians across a wide variety of disciplines. Family practice physicians can expect to earn $189,402 on average and pediatricians earn $192,148 per year on average as of 2012. Psychiatrists average $200,694 per year followed by internists earning $205,379 annually. OB/GYNS earn $281,190 per year on average followed by general surgeons at $343,958 per year. Earning the top salary among all doctors are anesthesiologists who make $407,292 per year on average.

Job Outlook

The entire medical field is expected to continue to grow as national healthcare increases the demand for physicians. Demand for urologists is expected to increase sharply as Americans age and related health problems become evident.


Summary Report for: 29-1069.12 – Urologists

US Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook: Physicians and Surgeons

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Author Information

Jessie Flesner is a freelance writer in New Albany, Indiana. She writes for about a wide variety of health care industry issues.


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Categories: Career Planning